Old Diseases
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Name

What was it?

Ablepsy

Blindness

Ague

Malarial Fever

American plague

Yellow fever

Anasarca

General massive edema

Aphonia

Laryngitis

Aphtha

Infant disease "thrush"

Apoplexy

Paralysis from stroke

Asphycsia /Asphicsia

Cyanotic ( lack of oxygen )

Atrophy

Wasting away

Bad Blood

Syphilis

Bilharzia

Prevalent in the Caribbean, this is known as Schistosomiasis today. Causes a rash or itchy skin. Fever, chills, cough, and muscle aches. 

Bilious fever

Typhoid, malaria, hepatitis or high temperature and bile emesis. Also, what we call Yellow Jaundice, today

Biliousness

Jaundice from liver disease

Black plague or death

Bubonic plague

Black fever

Acute infection with high temperature and dark red skin lesions, high mortality rate

Black pox

Black Small pox

Black vomit

Vomiting ood black blood due to ulcers or yellow fever

Blackwater fever

Dark urine with high temperature

Bladder in throat

Diphtheria (Seen on death certificates)

Blood poisoning

Bacterial infection; septicemia

Bloody flux

Bloody stools

Bloody sweat

Sweating sickness

Bone shave

Sciatica

Brain fever

Meningitis

Breakbone

Dengue fever

Bright's disease

Chronic inflammatory disease of kidneys

Bronze John

Yellow fever

Bule

Boil, tumor or swelling

Cachexy

Malnutrition

Cacogastric

Upset stomach

Cacospysy

Irregular pulse

Caduceus

Subject to falling sickness or epilepsy

Camp fever

Typhus or Camp diarrhea

Canine madness

Rabies, hydrophobia

Canker

Ulceration of mouth or lips or herpes simplex

Catalepsy

Seizures or trances

Catarrhal

Nose and throat discharge from cold or allergy

Cerebritis

Inflammation of cerebrum or lead poisoning

Chilblain

Swelling of extremities from exposure to cold

Child bed fever

Infection following child birth

Chin cough

Whooping cough

Chlorosis

Iron deficiency anemia

Cholera

Acute, severe, contagious diarrhea with intestinal lining sloughing

Cholera morbus

Characterized by nausea, vomiting, abdominal cramps, elevated temperature, etc. Could be appendicitis

Cholecystitus

Inflammation of the gall bladder

Cholelithiasis

Gall stones

Chorea

Disease characterized by convulsions, contortions and dancing

Cold plague

Ague characterized by chills

Colic

An abdominal pain and cramping

Congestive chills

Malaria

Consumption

Tuberculosis

Congestion

Any collection of fluid in an organ, like the lungs

Congestive chills

Malaria with diarrhea

Congestive fever

Malaria

Corruption

Infection

Coryza

A cold

Costiveness

Constipation

Cramp colic

Appendicitis

Crop sickness

Overextended stomach

Croup

Laryngitis, diphtheria, or strep throat

Cyanosis

Dark skin color from lack of oxygen in blood

Cynanche

Diseases of throat

Cystitis

Inflammation of the bladder

Day fever

Fever lasting one day; sweating sickness

Debility

Lack of movement, staying in bed

Decrepitude

Feebleness from old age

Delirium tremens

Hallucinations due to alcoholism

Dengue

Infectious fever endemic to East Africa

Dentition

Cutting of teeth

Deplumation

Tumor of the eyelids causing hair loss

Diary fever

A fever that lasts one day

Diptheria

Contagious disease of the throat

Distemper

Usually animal disease with malaise, discharge from nose and throat, anorexia

Dock fever

Yellow fever

Dropsy

Edema (swelling), often caused by kidney or heart disease

Dropsy of the Brain

Encephalitis

Dry Bellyache

Lead poisoning

Dyscrasy

An abnormal body condition

Dysentery

Inflammation of colon with frequent passage of mucous and blood

Dysorexy

Reduced appetite

Dyspepsia

Indigestion and heartburn. Heart attack symptoms

Dysury

Difficulty in urination

Eclampsy

Symptoms of epilepsy, convulsions during labor

Ecstasy

A form of catalepsy characterized by loss of reason

Edema

Nephrosis; swelling of tissues

Edema of lungs

Congestive heart failure, a form of dropsy

Eel thing

Erysipelas

Elephantiasis

A form of leprosy

Encephalitis

Swelling of brain or sleeping sickness

Enteric fever

Typhoid fever

Enterocolitis

Inflammation of the intestines

Enteritis

Inflations of the bowels

Epitaxis

Nose bleed

Erysipelas

Contagious skin disease, from Streptococci with vesicular and bulbous lesions

Extravasted blood

Rupture of a blood vessel

Falling sickness

Epilepsy

Fatty Liver

Cirrhosis of liver

Fits

Sudden attack or seizure of muscle activity

Flux

An excessive flow or discharge of fluid like hemorrhage or diarrhea

Flux of humour

Circulation

French pox

Syphilis

Gathering

A collection of pus

Glandular fever

Mononucleosis

Great pox

Syphilis

Green fever / sickness

Anemia

Grippe/grip

Influenza like symptoms

Grocer's itch

Skin disease caused by mites in sugar or flour

Heart sickness

Condition caused by loss of salt from body

Heat stroke

Body temperature elevates because of surrounding environment temperature and body does not perspire to reduce temperature. Coma and death result if not reversed

Hectical complaint

Recurrent fever

Hematemesis

Vomiting blood

Hematuria

Bloody urine

Hemiplegy

Paralysis of one side of body

Hip gout

Osteomylitis

Horrors

Delirium tremens

Hydrocephalus

Enlarged head, water on the brain

Hydropericardium

Heart dropsy

Hydrophobia

Rabies

Hydrothroax

Dropsy in chest

Hypertrophic

Enlargement of organ, like the heart

Impetigo

Contagious skin disease with by pustules

Inanition

Physical condition resulting from lack of food

Infantile paralysis

Polio

Intestinal colic

Abdominal pain from improper diet

Jail fever

Typhus

Jaundice

Condition caused by blockage of intestines

King's evil

Tuberculosis of neck and lymph glands

Kruchhusten

Whooping cough

Lagrippe

Influenza

Lockjaw

Tetanus or infectious disease affecting the muscles of the neck and jaw. Untreated, it is fatal in 8 days

Long sickness

Tuberculosis

Lues disease

Syphilis

Lues venera

Venereal disease

Lumbago

Back pain

Lung fever

Pneumonia

Lung sickness

Tuberculosis

Lying in

Time of delivery of infant

Malaria

 

Malignant sore throat

Diphtheria

Mania

Insanity

Marasmus

Progressive wasting away of body, like malnutrition

Membranous Croup

Diphtheria

Meningitis

Inflations of brain or spinal cord

Metritis

Inflammation of uterus or purulent vaginal discharge

Miasma

Poisonous vapors thought to infect the air

Milk fever

Disease from drinking contaminated milk, like undulant fever or brucellosis

Milk leg

Post partum thrombophlebitis

Milk sickness

Disease from milk of cattle which had eaten poisonous weeds

Mormal

Gangrene

Morphew

Scurvy blisters on the body

Mortification

Gangrene of necrotic tissue

Myelitis

Inflammation of the spine

Myocarditis

Inflammation of heart muscles

Necrosis

Mortification of bones or tissue

Nephrosis

Kidney degeneration

Nepritis

Inflammation of kidneys

Nervous prostration

Extreme exhaustion from inability to control physical and mental activities

Neuralgia

Described as discomfort, such as "Headache" was neuralgia in head

Nostalgia

Homesickness

Palsy

Paralysis or uncontrolled movement of controlled muscles.

Paludismo

This is the name of Malaria in Puerto Rico

Paralysis of the insane

Syphillis. 

Contributed by Sue.

Paroxysm

Convulsion

Pemphigus

Skin disease with watery blisters

Pericarditis

Inflammation of heart

Peripneumonia

Inflammation of lungs

Peritonotis

Inflammation of abdominal area

Petechial Fever

Fever with skin spotting

Puerperal exhaustion

Death from child birth

Phthiriasis

Lice infestation

Phthisis

Chronic wasting away or a name for tuberculosis

Plague

An acute febrile highly infectious disease with a high fatality rate

Pleurisy

Any pain in the chest area with each breath

Podagra

Gout

Poliomyelitis

PolioPotter's asthma

Pott's disease

Tuberculosis of spine

Puerperal exhaustion

Death from childbirth

Puerperal fever

Elevated temperature after giving birth to an infant

Puking fever

Milk sickness

Purpura

HENOCH-SCHONLEIN PURPURA:
Symptoms: Purple spots on the skin (purpura), usually over the buttocks, lower legs, and elbows; hives, joint pain; abdominal pain; nausea;
vomiting; diarrhea; bloody stools; painful menstruation

Putrid fever

Diphtheria.

Quinsy

Tonsillitis.

Remitting fever

Malaria

Rheumatism

Any disorder associated with pain in joints

Rickets

Disease of skeletal system

Rose cold

Hay fever or nasal symptoms of an allergy

Rotanny fever

Children's disease

Rubeola

German measles

Sanguineous crust

Scab

Scarlatina

Scarlet fever

Scarlet fever

A disease with a red rash

Scarlet rash

Roseola

Sciatica

Rheumatism in the hips

Scirrhus

Cancerous tumors

Scotomy

Dizziness, nausea and dimness of sight

Scrivener's palsy

Writer's cramp

Screws

Rheumatism

Scrofula

Tuberculosis of neck lymph glands. Progresses slowly with abscesses and pistulas developing. Usually occurs in the young.

Scrumpox

Skin disease, impetigo

Scurvy

Lack of vitamin C. Symptoms of weakness, spongy gums, hemmoraging under skin.

Septicemia

Blood poisoning Shakes

Shaking

Chills, ague

Shingles

Viral disease with skin blisters

Ship fever

Typhus

Siriasis

Inflammation of the brain from exposure to the sun

Sloes

Milk sickness

Small pox

Contagious disease with fever and blisters

Softening of brain

Result of stroke or hemorrhage in the brain, with an end result of the tissue softening in that area

Sore throat distemper

Diphtheria or quinsy

Spanish influenza

Epidemic influenza

Spasms

Sudden involuntary contraction of muscle or group of muscles, like a convulsion

Spina bifida

Deformity of spine

Spotted fever

Either typhus or meningitis

Sprue

Tropical disease with intestinal disorders and sore throat

St. Anthony's fire

Also erysipelas, but named so because of affected skin areas are bright red in appearance

St. Vitas dance

Ceaseless occurrence of rapid complex jerking movements performed involuntary

Stomatitis

Inflammation of the mouth

Stranger's fever

Yellow fever

Strangery

Rupture

Sudor anglicus

Sweating sickness

Summer complaint

Diarrhea, usually in infants caused by spoiled milk

Sunstroke

Uncontrolled elevation of body temperature due to environment heat. Lack of sodium in the body is a predisposing cause

Swamp sickness

Could be malaria, typhoid or encephalitis

Sweating sickness

Infectious and fatal disease common to UK in 15th century

Tetanus

Infectious fever with high fever, headache and dizziness

Thrombosis

Blood clot inside blood vessel Thrush

Tick fever

Rocky mountain spotted fever

Toxemia of pregnancy

Eclampsia

Trench mouth

Painful ulcers found along gum line, Caused by poor nutrition and poor hygiene

Tuberculosis

This is the modern name. See 'Long sickness', 'Lung sickness', and 'King's evil' above.

Tussis convulsiva

Whooping cough

Typhus

Infectious fever with high fever, headache, and dizziness

Variola

Smallpox

Venesection

Bleeding

Viper's dance

St. Vitus Dance

Water on brain

Enlarged head

White swelling

Tuberculosis of the bone

Winter fever

Pneumonia

Womb fever

Infection of the uterus.

Worm fit

Convulsions associated with teething, worms, high temperature or diarrhea

Yellowjacket

Yellow fever.